Reflection nebulas reflect light from a nearby star. Many small carbon grains in the nebula reflect the light.
The blue color typical of reflection nebula is caused by blue light being more efficiently scattered by the
carbon dust than red light. The brightness of the nebula is determined by the size and density of the reflecting
grains, and by the color and brightness of the neighboring star(s). NGC 1435, pictured above, surrounds Merope (23 Tau),
one of the brightest stars in the Pleiades (M45). The Pleiades nebulosity is caused by a chance encounter between an open
cluster of stars and a molecular cloud. . [Text from APOD]